India is known for it’s rich Hindu culture and tradition. There are hundred’s of mesmerizing Hindu temples with deep rooted science across the country in different design, shape, locations; but not all temples are built as described in Vedic literature. Paying visit to the temples are not only to get blessing but to get a calm and better mind set.
The entire art of and science of Hindu temples is not a mere art; it is a science. Every single facet of it – from the size of the idols to the directions and the sanctum – Yes! Temple architecture is a highly developed science
Temples are found deliberately at a place where the positive energy is available bundantly from the the magnetic and electric wave conveyances of north/south post push. The idol of God is set in the core center of the temple, known as “Garbhagriha” or Moolasthanam”. Ideally, the structure of the temple is built after the idol has been placed in a high positive wave centric place. This *moolasthanam* is the place where earth’s magnetic waves are discovered to be most extreme.
A temple is a miniature cosmos comprised of the five elements and a presiding deity. A temple is an outgrowth of the deity which has its own independent intelligence and from which energy is constantly radiating. Essentially, temples were designed to be spaces where the mind spontaneously moves within and meditation happens effortlessly. Every aspect of the temple, from the architecture to the rituals to the kinds of worship offered, has been consciously created to make this experience happen
The Scientific Architecture of Hindu Temples
We see some complex architecture and designs of Temples but seldom think how they were even possible to be built? Mostly, the answer is Vastu Shastra. The architecture of Hindu Temples is basically based on the Vastu Shastra. Vastu Shastra is the text that contains information about design, layout, measurements, ground preparation, geometry, and space arrangements. It provides the procedural rules and directions for the design and layout of the buildings.
At first, the plan is made in the form of a geometric design called Vastu-Purusha-Mandala. Vastu meaning dwelling, Purusha meaning universal essence, and mandala meaning circular. Hence, Vastu-Purusha-Mandala is a symmetrical, self-repeating structure based on Hindu texts, cardinality, and mathematical principles. The circle of the mandala represents the square and then the square is divided into 64 or 81 divisions called Padas. Some symbolic elements or deities is assigned to each Padas.
Beneath the Mandala’s square, there is a space for Garbha-Griya i.e. Universal spirit, the Purusha. Above the Vastu-Purusha-Mandala we often design a dome-shaped structure called Shikhara in north India, and Vimana in South India. The Shikara faces towards the sky. The religious reason for the dome shape is the use of the Namaskara gesture (Namaste) which is considered highly divine. (Meaning of Namaste)
For building the Fractal structure, where similar patterns recur progressively following method is used: A method of measurement called “Tala” is used to define the dimensional relationship of proportions. The Tala system is believed to be scale-invariant. So, using this system-building of any size can be built and decorated. By blending fractalization processes with repetition and superimposition the temple is built.
History of Hindu Temples
The tradition of worshipping idols during the Vedic period might have brought the concepts of worshipping gods inside the temple. The worship of gods and goddesses used to happen in community temples made up of clay and thatched roofs made of straws and leaves. In a certain part of the Himalayas or mountain region, cave temples existed.
From 4th or 5th-century the building of temples accelerated wide spread. Then the tradition of building the temple significantly happened between 6th to the 16th century. It was believed that building the temple would give an immense bliss and was considered the best deed a person could ever do. Thus, Kings, Saints, and other rich people would build temples to perform various religious activity.
No one exactly knows about the oldest Hindu Temple, but Mundeshwari Devi Temple in Bihar is believed to be the oldest functional Hindu temple built in Nagara style. The temple is dedicated to Shiva and Shakti. There are many temples that date back to the 6th century in 635 built by Pallavas, Chalukyas, and Rastrakutas dynasties of South India
Significance of Hindu Temples
– Temples are the dwelling place of God so it is believed to be the place to receive blessings from God.
– It is believed that a devotee can clear his confusions In Devalaya (temple.)
– The one who regularly visits temples gets God’s grace and spiritual power.
– The prayers and chanting done inside the temples create peace of mind.
– The outstanding architecture of Hindu Temples signifies the arts, values, and ideals of Dharma of Hindu Religion.
– Temples are built on the ground of Vastu Shastra.
Etiquettes to Follow Hindu temples
– A devotee is not allowed to put shoes or any footwear inside the premises of the temple.
– Ringing the bells of the temple gives one immense positive energy.
– Namaskara mudra is used to greet gods inside the temple.
– A lamp with oil is lit to gods and goddesses.
– Making three rounds around the temple or main idol activates one’s senses.
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